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The Flag of the Soviet Union

Soviet Spies - Introduction


This section mentions a number of spies, which were never caught. No one knows anything about them. No one knows who they are, or if they are even alive!
The first story is the one of the most important American traitor, the man who gave away the secret of the atomic bomb. The FBI claims that it caught all the atomic traitors. It did not. The spy is known only by his code name--PERCY.

Los Alamos Laboratory during the Manhattan Project The theft of America's atom bomb secrets was the KGB's greatest coup. It made no difference to the balance of atomic terror--the Soviet Union would have developed its own bomb sooner or later anyway--but it changed the course of American social history.
Percy discredited the CIA, which had assured the government that the Soviet Union would take at least eight years to make its own bomb. He discredited the FBI, which had failed to uncover the Soviet atomic spy ring until it was too late. It broke the special relationship between the United States and Britain, the spy blamed for the theft had been sent to Los Alamos by the British.

The FBI says today that it caught every single member of the Soviet atomic spy ring. This is probably not true. The main member of the ring, an American scientist, known to the KGB as PERCY, has never been identified and the KGB says that he is still alive and free today!

As well as individuals, various families also spied in the United States for the Soviet Union. Families were common since the suspicion level for them was lower than for single individuals.
The greatest example is the Krogers.

The Krogers were two of the KGB's most respected and highly valued agents who had been key players in Moscow's atomic spy ring in the United States. SIS and the CIA did not know then how important the Krogers were. The Krogers were really Morris and Lona Cohen, two New Yorkers who had joined the American Communist Party in 1935 and, full of idealism almost to the last, served the party cause for more than 50 years. The couple had both been working for Soviet intelligence since 1938, running a seven-man spy ring. Lona Cohen, then only 27, made several trips to New Mexico to collect material from someone working at Los Alamos and then brought the material to her KGB Controller.

Ethel and Julius refused to budge and were executed on 19 June 1953 Krogers were eventually caught and served twenty years in a British jail for their role as communications officers in the spy ring run by the KGB colonel Conon Molody at the Portland naval base, Britain. Although Krogers managed to escape the persecution in the United States, it was not true for all spy families. The most famous case is Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, Unlike the Krogers, no one has tipped them off until it was too late. The Soviets simply did not consider them to be sufficiently important! The KGB's assessment of the Rosenbergs was that they were minor couriers, not significant sources, who provided no valuable secrets and who were absolutely separate from major networks gathering atomic secrets.

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